Oracle Purchasing – Purchase Order FAQ


What is 2-way, 3-way, 4-way matching? How is this set-up?

Answer

2-way matching verifies that Purchase order and invoice information match within your tolerances as follows:

Quantity billed <= Quantity Ordered
Invoice price <= Purchase order price
(<= sign is used because of tolerances)

3-way matching verifies that the receipt and invoice information match with the quantity tolerances defined:

Quantity billed <= Quantity received

4-way matching verifies that acceptance documents and invoice information match within the quantity tolerances defined:

Quantity billed <= Quantity accepted.
(Acceptance is done at the time of Inspecting goods).

Whether a PO shipment has 2-way, 3-way or 4-way matching can be setup in the Shipment Details zone of the Enter PO form (character)

Receipt required  Inspection required       Matching

Yes                            Yes                                         4-way

Yes                            No                                           3-way

No                              No                                           2-way

In GUI, Shipments block, alternative region, click on More…this brings up a region with ‘Invoice matching’ column where you can choose 2-way, 3-way or 4-way match.

How do you reflect discount from a supplier on a Purchase orders?
Answer
The legal document is the Purchase order not the quote and therefore the purchase order should reflect agreed upon price.  Secondly if the discount comes after the PO then AP should handle it when invoicing.  If you are using a blanket Purchase order then you can use price breaks.

How do you change the created date on a Purchase Order?
Answer
The 'Created' date on the Purchase order is not an updateable field, due to it being a legal document once approved.

What is the sorting order for requisition lines in autocreation of a Purchase Order?
Answer
Requisition lines first meet search criteria determined by "find" screen, and then are grouped together by item and item category, then by need-by date. After you choose an action, enter any search criteria to narrow the selection of requisition lines.  Oracle Purchasing chooses requisition lines from the requisition pool that meet your search criteria.  All requisition lines for the same item and item category are grouped together, but they are not necessarily in order alphabetically.  Within each grouping of item and item category, requisition lines are ordered by need-by date.

What does the error ‘APP-50022: Oracle Human Resources could not retrieve a value for User Type profile option’ mean?
Answer
The profile HR: User Type needs to be set. Set the profile option ‘HR: User Type’ at the Responsibility level

When do you see the status of a Purchase order as Archived?
Answer
You must approve or print a specific purchase order before you can see it in the history information.

In Oracle Purchasing, where is the automatic numbering for Purchase Order defined and maintained?
Answer
The navigation path for GUI is:
Setup --> Organizations --> Purchasing Options, Numbering alternate region

Back-to-Back Order – How to


Back-to-Back Order is very useful functionality in Oracle Applications.

Key Business Drivers

  • Data integration

  • Lower inventory cycle time

  • Lower inventory cost

  • Link supply to specific demand

  • Can offer a variety of product to customer

  • Used heavily in contract manufacturing environment where the product is standardized and the company plans to focus more on product design rather than manufacturing

Many times business suffers a loss when data is transferred between quotations, orders, purchase orders or invoices?

Damage to any business due to data loss or corruption is always very high. This can be due to a simple user error or data corruption. During the manual transfer of data, the input of incorrect information or staff errors are very real risks. This can have a profound impact as your business grows and staff are under more pressure to process orders in a market where the client expectation is no longer to have their order processed in days or hours but in real-time.

Back to Back order process allows you to process information and orders in very logical manner ensuring a simplistic and efficient process. The integration between quotations, order processing and stock management means that all orders can be processed in real time and you are no longer dependant on a manual process to be run.

e.g. When the PO is received, reservation gets applied automatically against the Sales Order. This prevents allocating material to some other demand.

The key behind the integration of a system is the ability to seamlessly integrate different pieces of information, this leads us to back-to-back order processing.

The key areas that are focused on as part of the back to back process are:-

  • Quotations

  • Orders

  • Requisition

  • Invoices (in ‘Oracle Accounts Payable’ and ‘Oracle Accounts Receivable’)

  • Purchase Orders

Back to back order processing provides an integrated seamless link from the quotation stage, through to the purchasing of stock (or services), to dispatching, delivering and invoicing your client and the receipt and payment of invoices. It is also extended to invoicing (against PO/receipt) and payment to your supplier. All this process is done using Oracle Work-Flow, standard work flow is given by Oracle but if you want you can modify the same to fulfill business needs. Approval processes are also taken care by Work-Flow.

The entire process can be performed in the minimal amount of time without any redundancy. Each document has reference of some other document so it doesn’t get lost in between. Below are the steps in Back to Back order.

  • Quotations are created and sent to the client.

  • The client places the order and all required acknowledgements are sent.

  • Requisitions / Purchase Orders are automatically created for the required stock.

  • Management of awaiting stock from suppliers.

  • Tracking and managing supplier and customer communication.

  • Receiving of stock and handling of part deliveries.

  • Dispatching the order to your customer with management of delivery locations and methods.

  • Customer Invoicing.

  • Supplier payment.

Some of the important documents that gets created automatically through the different stages in this cycle include (automatic creation of document/s depends on setup).

Quotations, Order Acknowledgements and confirmations, Invoices and Proforma Invoices, Purchase Orders, Stock Receipt Slips, Stock Transfer Slips, Dispatch Notes, Packing to name a few.

For demo please visit two links given below: