Setting your Oracle Applications session: fnd_global.apps_initialize (org_id)


Setting your Oracle Applications session: fnd_global.apps_initialize (org_id)

The examples set up the session for SYSADMIN user, System Administrator responsibility.

e.g. SQL*Plus   exec fnd_global.apps_initialize(0,20420,1);

e.g. for PL/SQL, TOAD, SQLDeveloper, SQL Navigator etc.:

begin fnd_global.apps_initialize(0,20420,1); end;

The parameters used here are:

1.        User_ID

2.        Responsibility_ID

3.        Responsibility_Application_ID

To get these you have a couple of choices

a) SQL – Replace SYSADMIN and System Administrator with your user and responsibility:

select 'begin fnd_global.apps_initialize(' ||

       fu.user_id || ',' ||

       fr.responsibility_id || ',' ||

       fr.application_id || '); end;' || chr(10) || '/'

     from   fnd_user fu

,      fnd_responsibility_tl fr

where  fu.user_name = 'SYSADMIN'

and    fr.responsibility_name = 'System Administrator';

b) In your Oracle Applications forms session. Login as your user and navigate to the required responsibility. Open a function that uses Oracle forms Go to Help > Diagnostics > Examine In the Block enter $PROFILES$ In the field enter the appropriate field name for the parameter:

1.        User_ID = USER_ID

2.        Responsibility_ID = RESP_ID

3.        Responsibility_Application_ID = RESP_APPL_ID

Oracle Reports (Report 6i) – Technical – Interview – Question Answers


Oracle Reports (Report 6i) – Technical – Interview – Question Answers

Question: How many types of columns are there and what are they

Formula columns: For doing mathematical calculations and returning one value
Summary Columns: For doing summary calculations such as summations etc.
Place holder Columns: These columns are useful for storing the value in a variable

Question: Can u have more than one layout in report

Answer: It is possible to have more than one layout in a report by using the additional layout option in the layout editor.
Answer: Yes it is possible to run the report without parameter form by setting the PARAM value to Null

Question:  What is the lock option in reports layout

Answer:  By using the lock option we cannot move the fields in the layout editor outside the frame. This is useful for maintaining the fields.
Question: What is Flex

Answer: Flex is the property of moving the related fields together by setting the flex property on

Question: What is the minimum number of groups required for a matrix report

Question: How many different triggers are available in Report?

Answer: There are five types of triggers in report 6i

1) Before report trigger

2) After report trigger

3) Before Parameter trigger

4) After parameter trigger

5) Between pages trigger

Question: What is the Firing sequence of report trigger?

Answer: First the before parameter trigger will raise, after firing this trigger parameter form will displayed, after passing parameter after parameter trigger will fire query will parsed & then before report trigger will fired then if there are number of pages in your report then the between pages trigger will fired but it will fire between first & second & so on pages but it will not fired in reverse condition the after report trigger will fire after closing the runtime parameter form is closed.

Question: What is bind variables?

Answer: Bind variables are used in report 6i for replacing the single parameter in the select statement

Question: What is lexical parameter?

Answer: Lexical Parameter is used to replace the where, order by ………conditions at run time.

Question: What are different types of column in reports?

Answer: There are three types of columns in the report 6i these are:

1) Placeholder Column – Placeholder column is used to store a value for a variable.

2) Formula Column

3) Summary Column

Answer: The minimum of groups required for a matrix report are 4

Question: Can u run the report with out a parameter form

Oracle Application – Top useful SQL Queries


Friends, here some of quite useful regular sql queries in oracle applications.

Query 1: Select responsibility name along with application name

SELECT application_short_name ,

frt.responsibility_id, frt.responsibility_name

FROM apps.fnd_responsibility_tl frt , fnd_application fa

WHERE fa.application_id = frt.application_id;
 

Query 2: Get Menu name for Responsibility ID , You can find out responsibility_id from Query 1

SELECT DISTINCT a.responsibility_name, c.user_menu_name

FROM apps.fnd_responsibility_tl a,

apps.fnd_responsibility b,

apps.fnd_menus_tl c,

apps.fnd_menus d,

apps.fnd_application_tl e,

apps.fnd_application f

WHERE a.responsibility_id(+) = b.responsibility_id

AND a.responsibility_id = &resp_id

AND b.menu_id = c.menu_id

AND b.menu_id = d.menu_id

AND e.application_id = f.application_id

AND f.application_id = b.application_id

AND a.LANGUAGE = 'US';
 

Query 3: Get User name and related assigned responsibilities

SELECT distinct u.user_id, u.user_name user_name,

r.responsibility_name responsiblity,

a.application_name application

FROM fnd_user u,

fnd_user_resp_groups g,

fnd_application_tl a,

fnd_responsibility_tl r

WHERE g.user_id(+) = u.user_id

AND g.responsibility_application_id = a.application_id

AND a.application_id = r.application_id

AND g.responsibility_id = r.responsibility_id

order by 1;

Query 4: Get Request Group associate with Responsibility Name

SELECT responsibility_name responsibility, request_group_name,

frg.description

FROM fnd_request_groups frg, fnd_responsibility_vl frv

WHERE frv.request_group_id = frg.request_group_id

ORDER BY responsibility_name

Query 5: Gets Form personalization listing

Personalization is feature available in 11.5.10.X. For More detail on form Personalization Use Following Tables (Rule_id) is reference key for these tables

applsys.fnd_form_custom_actions, applsys.fnd_form_custom_scopes

SELECT ffft.user_function_name “User Form Name”, ffcr.SEQUENCE,

ffcr.description, ffcr.rule_type, ffcr.enabled, ffcr.trigger_event,

ffcr.trigger_object, ffcr.condition, ffcr.fire_in_enter_query

FROM fnd_form_custom_rules ffcr, fnd_form_functions_vl ffft

WHERE ffcr.ID = ffft.function_id

ORDER BY 1;

Query 6: Query to view the patch level status of all modules

SELECT a.application_name,

DECODE (b.status, ‘I’, ‘Installed’, ‘S’, ‘Shared’, ‘N/A’) status,

patch_level

FROM apps.fnd_application_vl a, apps.fnd_product_installations b

WHERE a.application_id = b.application_id;

Query 7: SQL to view all request who have attached to a responsibility

SELECT responsibility_name , frg.request_group_name,

fcpv.user_concurrent_program_name, fcpv.description

FROM fnd_request_groups frg,

fnd_request_group_units frgu,

fnd_concurrent_programs_vl fcpv,

fnd_responsibility_vl frv

WHERE frgu.request_unit_type = ‘P’

AND frgu.request_group_id = frg.request_group_id

AND frgu.request_unit_id = fcpv.concurrent_program_id

AND frv.request_group_id = frg.request_group_id

ORDER BY responsibility_name;

Query 8: SQL to view all requests who have attached to a responsibility

SELECT responsibility_name , frg.request_group_name,

fcpv.user_concurrent_program_name, fcpv.description

FROM fnd_request_groups frg,

fnd_request_group_units frgu,

fnd_concurrent_programs_vl fcpv,

fnd_responsibility_vl frv

WHERE frgu.request_unit_type = ‘P’

AND frgu.request_group_id = frg.request_group_id

AND frgu.request_unit_id = fcpv.concurrent_program_id

AND frv.request_group_id = frg.request_group_id

ORDER BY responsibility_name;

Query 9: SQL to view all types of request Application wise

SELECT fa.application_short_name,

fcpv.user_concurrent_program_name,

description,

DECODE (fcpv.execution_method_code,

‘B’, ‘Request Set Stage Function’,

‘Q’, ‘SQL*Plus’,

‘H’, ‘Host’,

‘L’, ‘SQL*Loader’,

‘A’, ‘Spawned’,

‘I’, ‘PL/SQL Stored Procedure’,

‘P’, ‘Oracle Reports’,

‘S’, ‘Immediate’,

fcpv.execution_method_code

) exe_method,

output_file_type, program_type, printer_name,

minimum_width,

minimum_length, concurrent_program_name,

concurrent_program_id

FROM fnd_concurrent_programs_vl fcpv, fnd_application fa

WHERE fcpv.application_id = fa.application_id

ORDER BY description

Query 10: SQL to view concurrent request processing time, quite useful

SELECT f.request_id , pt.user_concurrent_program_name user_concurrent_program_name

, f.actual_start_date actual_start_date

, f.actual_completion_date actual_completion_date,

floor(((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60)/3600)

|| ‘ HOURS ‘ ||

floor((((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60) –

floor(((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60)/3600)*3600)/60)

|| ‘ MINUTES ‘ ||

round((((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60) –

floor(((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60)/3600)*3600 –

(floor((((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60) –

floor(((f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date)*24*60*60)/3600)*3600)/60)*60) ))

|| ‘ SECS ‘ time_difference

,

DECODE(p.concurrent_program_name,’ALECDC’,p.concurrent_program_name||'[‘||f.description||’]’,p.concurrent_program_name) concurrent_program_name

, decode(f.phase_code,’R’,’Running’,’C’,’Complete’,f.phase_code) Phase

, f.status_code

FROM apps.fnd_concurrent_programs p

, apps.fnd_concurrent_programs_tl pt

, apps.fnd_concurrent_requests f

WHERE f.concurrent_program_id = p.concurrent_program_id

and f.program_application_id = p.application_id

and f.concurrent_program_id = pt.concurrent_program_id

and f.program_application_id = pt.application_id

AND pt.language = USERENV(‘Lang’)

and f.actual_start_date is not null

ORDER by f.actual_completion_date-f.actual_start_date desc;

Oracle Application – General Interview (Technical – Functional Questions)


Oracle Applications / Financials – General Questions for interview or to increase overall awareness on some of the concepts you already aware and worked upon. this is terms as refreshing some of those.

Oracle Application – General Interview (Technical – Functional Questions)

What are different period types?
You use accounting period types to define your accounting calendar. Different Accounting Periods are-
  • General Ledger Periods (attached to Set of Books),
  • Purchasing Periods (Operating Unit Specific),
  • Cost Periods (Inventory Organization Specific),
  • AP Periods, and
  • AR Periods

If it is accounting period types, you can define your own period types to use in addition to the General Ledger standard period types Month, Quarter and Year. You use these period types when you define the accounting calendar for your organization. However the year type should be either Calendar or Fiscal. We have different Period types-

1) 13 Month (13 Month Calendar with An Adjusting Period).

2) Annual.

3) Monthly.

4) Quarterly.

5) Semi Monthly.

6) Weekly.

What types of invoices are there in AP and AR?

Types of Invoices are:

Standard
Credit Memo
Debit Memo
Expenses Report
Prepayment
Mixed

AWT (Automatic Withholding Tax Invoice)

Interest Invoice

PO Default

Quick Match

Mixed

Recurring Invoice

Arrears Invoice

Advance Invoice

Guarantee

Charge Back

Deposit

What is the difference between cross-validation rules and security-rules?

Cross validation rules prevent all the responsibilities/users entering invalid account combinations. Security rules are attached to specific responsibilities to prevent using few of the segment values for a segment. Cross Validation Rule: Rules that define valid combinations of segment values a user can enter in an account. Cross-validation rules restrict users from entering invalid combinations of account segment values. Security Rule: It determines the accounting transaction user can view at different levels of hierarchy, such as at Site Level –>Application Level –> Responsibility Level –> User level. Cross Validation Rule applies across the chart of account where Security Rule is applicable at Responsibility Level or User Level. Cross Validation Rules are meant for defining the set of combinations that are excluded from the global set whereas Security Rules are to restrict Users/Responsibilities. Cross-Validation Rules are to control the certain code combinations. Security Rules are to control the certain segment values.

How many ways can you enter a journal in GL?

1. Manual entry 2. Subledger Entry 3. Spreadsheet Entry 4. Recurring Entry 5. Mass Allocation

What is a recurring invoice?

Recurring Invoice is a type of invoice which occurs at definite intervals of time. The best example for a recurring invoice is Rent paid to the Owner.

What are the general setup steps for AP, AR, and GL?

For GL:

1. Define Chart of Accounts2. Define Calendar
3. Define Currency
4. Create Set of Books
For AP:
1. Define Suppliers (Creditors)

2. Invoice

3. Look up codes

4. Selection of Set of Books

5. Payment Terms

6. Financial & Payable Options

7. Define Banks

For AR:

1. Flexifield

2. System Options

3. Payment Terms

4. Open period

5. Auto Accounting

6. Transaction Type

7. Transaction Source

How do we integrate AP or AR to GL ?

There is a program in payables to transfer AP to GL is “payables transfer to general ledger” GL is like AR->GL<-AP, AR and AP both transfer the data in GL. AR Contains all Invoices/Receipts /CM/DM and same way AP also have AP Vouchers. Yes, there is a clear Integration of AP/AR with GL.

The integration is like this: all the accounting created in subledgers (AP/AR) are transferred to Gl. The journal created from AP/AR are clearly identified in GL according to their batch names and journal names.
What is the difference between GL date and GL posted date in GL ?
GL date is the date used to determine the correct accounting period for your transactions where as the GL posting date is the date when the journal entry is posted the GL. GL date is the date used to determine the correct accounting period for your transactions where as the GL posting date is the date when the journal entry is posted the GL, also Called Transaction Date & Posted Date.

In GL there is no org id. So how can we differentiate the data different operating units when no other modules are given ?

HR data is at business group level. GL Data is differentiated based on set of books id. AP and AR data is mostly at operating unit level. Inventory, BOM, WIP data is at inventory organization level. In the gl_sets_of_books we have the set_of_books_id column. This column is enough to differentiate between one operating unit with the other. If you see the multiorg structure of Oracle Apps modules, we’ll see that GL is setup at set of books level. Now you generally won’t get data at OU level. OU data sums up at a higher SOB level. Please follow the below structure if you want more clarification top->bottom HR org->SOB->OU->inventory org

At what stage, the subledger data is posted to GL?

When Transactions are completed in subledgers data may be posted to GL Basically after entering the transactions, report will be taken to verify the transactions. In case, if approval is needed, it is approved after verifying the transactions. Once you are sure that the transactions are correct, the same can be posted to GL. Once it is posted, most of the information for the posted transaction can not be modified in the subledger. In case of any wrong entry, you need to follow the reversal procedure. Practically, the verification of transactions are done only during the initial stages after implementation. Once the system becomes stable, it is not followed strictly. Note: Make sure that GL period is open for the transaction GL date. Close all the periods in subledger after you reconciled all your transactions. Once you close the period, sweep program will run and all the un-posted and future entries will be transferred to next open period. Once this is done run the GL Transfer program and Journal import programs to complete the transaction transfer process. Once this is done you will find un-posted journal entries in GL you can post the same or reverse the same if you find something is missing. GL periods should also been opened and the GL period should be closed at the last.

Why cant interest rates are set uniquely supplier wise in payables module, whereas interest rate is applied to all suppliers the same rate?

Terms and conditions differ with each supplier.

What is FSG and its use?

Financial Statement Generator is a powerful report building tool for Oracle GL. FSG is used by the management for the decision making in the financial sector of the firm or an enterprise.

Uses of FSG :1. Generate financial reports such as income statements and balance based upon the data in your GL.
Note: If you have average balance processing enabled in your set of books, you can report on functional, foreign–entered, or translated average balances.
2. Define your reports with reusable report objects, making it easy to create new reports from the components of reports you’ve already defined. 3. Design custom financial reports to meet specific business needs.
4. Print as many reports as you need simultaneously.
5. Print the same report for multiple companies, cost centers, departments in the same report request.

6. Schedule reports to run automatically.

7. Produce ad-hoc reports whenever you need them.

8. Print reports to tab-delimited files for easy import into client-based spreadsheet programs. In addition, you can use the Report Wizard feature of Applications Desktop Integrator to design and submit your financial reports, as well as view the results, directly from a spreadsheet. 9. Define segment value security rules to restrict financial information contained in FSG report output generated by specific users and responsibilities. Note: To apply segment value security rules, the profile option FSG: Enforce Segment Value Security must be enabled

Explain ADI and its features?

ADI means application desktop integrator. It is a excel file which allows you to transfer the data pertaining to General Ledger, Fixed Assets and Budget to oracle apps and allows to run a request. ADI functionality provides an alternative to users who prefer to load information directly from Microsoft Excel rather than using the Oracle user interface. It should read Oracle Interface Programs (batch jobs) rather than Oracle User Interfaces. Broadly following are the feature / elements of ADI

1. Journal Wizard

2. Budget Wizard

3. Report Wizard.

4. Account Hierarchy Editor.

5. Analysis Wizard.

6. Request Center

ADI allows users take advantage of many of the data-entry shortcuts of a spreadsheet, such as copying and pasting cells, dragging and dropping ranges of cells and using formulas to calculate journal line amounts. ADI validates the data entered against the accounts, security rules and reference information that are defined in the General Ledger (GL).

What is EDI and its functions?

EDI – Electronic Data Interchange, to send the data to another server/destination via EDI server.E-Commerce Gate Way is the one of the Module in Oracle Apps. EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) is way of exchanging the Business documents like Sales Order, Invoice, PO etc., between two business entities in agreed standard format like ASCII X12 format. In oracle application, business documents may be referred as 850POI (purchase order Inbound), 810INO (Invoice Outbound) etc.. There are several third party sources are available which may be use in mapping of several documents from Oracle Format to X12 and vice versa. Some of them like Sterling Commerce, Klein Schmidt…. EDI is a toll where in whenever the customer is sending the PO it gets saved in this toll, again when the supplier after supplying the material will send an invoice through EDI, wherein the EDI of the customer will match the PO with the invoice and the invoice will get processed automatically, in case if it is not matching it will be in the error sheet

Shivmohan Purohit

Oracle Fixed Assets Useful Tables


Hello Friends , here is some of quite commonly used FA (Fixed Assets) tables and their usage. There are many other tables also in FA but here i am putting only few commonly used tables. for other table if needed we can dig furthur. Let go through below article and let me know if it useful.

1- FA_DEPRN_PERIODS
2- FA_DEPRN_SUMMARY
3- FA_ADDITIONS_B

4- FA_BOOKS

5- FA_CATEGORIES_B

6- FA_DEPRN_DETAIL

FA_DEPRN_PERIODS contains information about your depreciation periods. Oracle Assets uses this table to determine when each period in FA_CALENDARS was open for a depreciation book. PERIOD_OPEN_DATE and PERIOD_CLOSE_DATE are the dates when you opened and closed each book’s depreciation period. Each time you run the depreciation program, it closes the current period by setting PERIOD_CLOSE_DATE to the system date. It also opens the next period by inserting a new row into this table in which PERIOD_CLOSE_DATE is NULL and PERIOD_OPEN_DATE equals the PERIOD_CLOSE_DATE of the old row. CALENDAR_PERIOD_OPEN_DATE and CALENDAR_PERIOD_CLOSE_DATE correspond to your calendar as defined by the START_DATE and END_DATE columns in FA_CALENDAR_PERIODS.

FA_DEPRN_SUMMARY contains depreciation information for your assets. Each time you run the depreciation program, it inserts one row into thistable for each asset. PERIOD_COUNTER is the period for which you ran the depreciation program. DEPRN_AMOUNT is the depreciation expense for an asset in a depreciation period. It is the sum of DEPRN_AMOUNT in all the rows of FA_DEPRN_DETAIL for the asset and period. YTD_DEPRN is the accumulated depreciation of an asset for the current fiscal year as of the end of this period. DEPRN_RESERVE is the total accumulated depreciation for this asset. DEPRN_SOURCE_CODE tells you what program created the row BOOKS Created by the Depreciation Books form, Quick Additions form, or the post mass additions program when you enter a new asset. DEPRN Created by the depreciation program when you run depreciation. ADJUSTED_COST is the depreciable basis the depreciation program uses to calculate depreciation for an asset in a depreciation period. This value is the same as the asset’s recoverable cost, except for assets that use a diminishing value depreciation method, assets to which you have made an amortized adjustment, and assets you have revalued.

For assets that use a diminishing value method, the ADJUSTED_COST is the beginning of year net book value, which the depreciation program updates at the start of each fiscal year. When you perform an amortized adjustment on an asset or revalue it, the ADJUSTED_COST becomes the asset’s net book value at the time of the adjustment or revaluation. BONUS_RATE is the bonus rate that Oracle Assets adds to the adjusted rate to give you the flat rate for the fiscal year. The depreciation program uses this rate to calculate depreciation for an asset. This only applies to assets that use both a flat–rate depreciation method and bonus depreciation.

FA_ADDITIONS_B contains descriptive information to help you identify your assets. Oracle Assets does not use this table to calculate depreciation.When you add an asset, Oracle Assets inserts a row into this table and into FA_ASSET_HISTORY. When you change the asset information stored in this table, Oracle Assets updates it in this table. It also creates a new row in FA_ASSET_HISTORY. When you perform a unit retirement, Oracle Assets reduces the CURRENT_UNITS by the units retired. UNIT_ADJUSTMENT_FLAG is set to YES by the Additions form if you change the number of units for an asset. The Transfers form resets it to NO after you reassign the remaining units. FA_ADJUSTMENTS stores information that Oracle Assets needs to create journal entries for transactions. The posting program creates journal entries for regular depreciation expense from information in FA_DEPRN_DETAIL. Oracle Assets inserts a row in this table for the debit and credit sides of a financial transaction. All the rows for the same transaction have the same value in the TRANSACTION_HEADER_ID column. The SOURCE_TYPE_CODE column tells you which program created the adjustment:

– ADDITION Depreciation program
– ADJUSTMENT Expensed or Amortized Adjustment User Exit

– CIP ADDITION Depreciation program

– CIP ADJUSTMENT Expensed or Amortized Adjustment User Exit

– CIP RETIREMENT Gain/loss program

– DEPRECIATION Depreciation program (Retroactive transactions andexpensed depreciation adjustments)

– RETIREMENT Gain/loss program

– RECLASS Reclassification user exit

– TRANSFER Transfers form

– TAX Reserve Adjustments form

– REVALUATION Mass revaluation program

The ADJUSTMENT_TYPE column tells you which type of account Oracle Assets adjusts. DEBIT_CREDIT_FLAG is DR if the amount is a debit and CR if the amount is a credit. ADJUSTMENT_AMOUNT is the amount debited or credited to the account. ANNUALIZED_ADJUSTMENT is the adjustment amount for a period times the number of periods in a fiscal year. The depreciation program uses it to calculate the depreciation adjustment for an asset when you perform multiple retroactive transactions on the asset. Oracle Assets calculates ADJUSTMENT_PER_PERIOD by dividing the ADJUSTMENT_AMOUNT for a retroactive transaction by the numberof periods between the period you entered the transaction and the period that it was effective. For current period transactions, this columnis zero. PERIOD_COUNTER_CREATED IS the period that you entered the adjustment into Oracle Assets. PERIOD_COUNTER_ADJUSTED is the period to which the adjustment applies. It is the same as PERIOD_COUNTER_CREATED, unless you enter a reserve adjustment, in which case PERIOD_COUNTER_ADJUSTED is the last period of the fiscal year to which the adjustment applies. CODE_COMBINATION_ID indicates the Accounting Flexfield combination Oracle Assets debits or credits for all transactions except reclassifications and intercompany transfers. This CODE_COMBINATION_ID is generated using the Account Generator, and the posting program does not perform any further processing.

FA_BOOKS contains the information that Oracle Assets needs to calculate depreciation. When you initially add an asset, Oracle Assets inserts one row into the table. This becomes the ”active” row for the asset. Whenever you use the Depreciation Books form to change the asset’s depreciation information, or if you retire or reinstate it, Oracle Assets inserts another row into the table, which then becomes the new ”active” row, and marks the previous row as obsolete.

At any point in time, there is only one ”active” row in the table for an asset in any given depreciation book. Generally, Oracle Assets uses the active row, but if you run a report for a prior accounting period, Oracle Assets selects the row that was active during that period. You can identify the active row for anasset in a book because it is the only one whose DATE_INEFFECTIVE and TRANSACTION_HEADER_ID_OUT are NULL. When Oracle Assets terminates a row, the DATE_INEFFECTIVE and TRANSACTION_HEADER_OUT are set to the DATE_EFFECTIVE and TRANSACTION_HEADER_IN of the new row, respectively. This means that you can easily identify rows affected by the same transaction because they have the same DATE_EFFECTIVE / DATE_INEFFECTIVE and TRANSACTION_HEADER_ID_IN / TRANSACTION_HEADER_ID_OUT pairs.When Oracle Assets creates the new row, the value used for the TRANSACTION_HEADER_ID_IN column is the same as the TRANSACTION_HEADER_ID in the row inserted into FA_TRANSACTION_HEADERS, and the DATE_EFFECTIVE is the system date. When you retire an asset, Oracle Assets inserts a new row to reduce the COST by the amount retired. When you reinstate an asset, Oracle Assets inserts a new row to increase the COST by the COST_RETIRED in the corresponding row in FA_RETIREMENTS.RATE_ADJUSTMENT_FACTOR is originally 1. It is used to spread depreciation over the remaining life of an asset after an amortization or revaluation. If you perform a revaluation or an amortized adjustment, Oracle Assets resets the Rate Adjustment Factor to prorate the remaining recoverable net book value over the remaining life. This fraction is calculated as [Recoverable Cost – what Depreciation Reserve would be]/Recoverable Cost. The depreciation program uses this value to adjust the depreciation rate for an asset.

FA_CATEGORIES_B stores information about your asset categories. This table provides default information when you add an asset. The depreciation program does not use this information to calculate depreciation.The Asset Categories form inserts one row in this table for each asset category you define. The Application Object Library table FND_ID_FLEX_SEGMENTS stores information about which column in this table is used for each segment.

FA_DEPRN_DETAIL contains the depreciation amounts that the depreciation program charges to the depreciation expense account in each distribution line.

Oracle Assets uses this information to create depreciation expense journal entries for your general ledger.The depreciation program inserts one row per distribution line for an asset each time you run depreciation.
For example, if you assign an asset to two different cost centers, the depreciation program inserts two rows in this table for the asset. DEPRN_AMOUNT is the amount of depreciation expense calculated forthis distribution line.YTD_DEPRN is the year–to–date depreciation allocated to thisdistribution line.When you add an asset, Oracle Assets inserts a row into this table for the period before the current period. This row has the asset cost in the ADDITION_COST_TO_CLEAR column and a DEPRN_SOURCE_CODE of ’B’. This column is used for reporting on new assets. When you run depreciation, Oracle Assets transfers the cost to the COST column in the current period row, this row has a DEPRN_SOURCE_CODE of ’D’.

Thanks – Shivmohan Purohit

Oracle Payables Useful Tables


Hello Friends , here is some of quite commonly used AP (Payables) tables and their usage. There are many other tables also in AP but here i am putting only few commonly used tables. for other table if needed we can dig furthur. Let go through below article and let me know if it useful.

1- AP_INVOICES_ALL

2- AP_INVOICE_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL

3- AP_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL

4- AP_HOLDS_ALL

5- AP_AE_LINES_ALL

6- AP_AE_HEADERS_ALL

AP_INVOICES_ALL

AP_INVOICES_ALL contains records for invoices you enter. There is one row for each invoice you enter. An invoice can have one or more invoice distribution lines. An invoice can also have one or more scheduled payments. An invoice of type EXPENSE REPORT must relate to a row in AP_EXPENSE_REPORT_HEADERS_ALL unless the record has been purged from AP_EXPENSE_REPORT_HEADERS_ALL. Your Oracle Payables application uses the INTEREST type invoice for interest that itcalculates on invoices that are overdue. Your Oracle Payables application links the interest invoice to the original invoice by inserting the INVOICE_ID in the AP_INVOICE_RELATIONSHIPS table.

AP_INVOICE_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL

AP_INVOICE_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL holds the distribution line information that you enter for invoices. There is a row for each invoice distribution. A distribution line must be associated with an invoice. An invoice can have multiple distribution lines. Your Oracle Payables application automatically creates rows in this table when:

1) you choose a distribution set at the invoice level

2) you import expense reports

3) you match an invoice to a purchase order or receipt; ituses information from the matched purchase order or receipt

4) you import invoices via the Open Interface Import process

5) you select to automatically calculate tax

6) you select to automatically do withholding.

Each invoice distribution line has its own accounting date. When you account for an invoice, your OraclePayables application creates accounting events, accounting entry headers and accounting entry lines for those distribution lines that have accounting dates included in the selected accounting date range for the Payables Accounting Process.The accounting entries can then be transferred over to General Ledger by running the Transfer to General Ledger process which creates journal entries. Values for POSTED_FLAG may be Y for accounted distributions or N for distributions that have not been accounted. Values for ACCRUAL_POSTED_FLAG may be Y if distribution has been accounted and system is set up for accrual basis accounting or N if either distribution has not been accounted or accrual basis accounting is not used. Values for CASH_POSTED_FLAG may be Y if distribution has been accounted and system is set up for cash basis accounting, N if either distribution has not been accounted or system is not set up for cash basis accounting or P if distribution has been partially accounted in the cash set of books. The MATCH_STATUS_FLAG indicates the approval status for the distribution. Values for the MATCH_STATUS_FLAG can be null or N for invoice distributions that Approval has not tested or T for distributions that have been tested or A for distributions that have been tested and approved. Invoice distributions may be interfaced over/from Oracle Assets or Oracle Projects. Your Oracle Payables application sets the ASSETS_ADDITION_FLAG to U for distributions not tested by Oracle Assets; Oracle Assets then adjusts this flag after it tests a distribution for assignment as an asset.
To avoid the same invoice distribution being interfaced to both Oracle Projects and Oracle Assets, you must interface any project–related invoice distribution to Oracle Projects before you can interface it to Oracle Assets. If the project–related invoice distribution is charged to a capital project in Oracle Projects, Oracle Projects sets the ASSET_ADDITION_FLAG to P when the PA_ADDITION_FLAG is set to Y, Z or T. Oracle Assets only picks up invoice distributions with the ASSET_ADDITION_FLAG set to U and if project–related, with the PA_ADDITION_FLAG set to Y, Z, or T. PA_ADDITION_FLAG tracks the status of project–related supplier invoice distribution lines and expense report distribution lines.
For supplier invoice distributions entered via Oracle Payables, the PA_ADDITION_FLAG is set to N if the distribution is project–related, otherwise it is set to E and it is updated by Oracle Projects when the distribution is processed by the Oracle Projects Interface Supplier Invoice process. Oracle Projects sets the PA_ADDITION_FLAG to Y or Z after the item is successfully processed, or may be set to a rejection code if the line is rejected during transfer to Oracle Projects; see QuickCodes listing for all the errors. You must correct the rejection reason an try to retransfer the line. For supplier invoice adjustment lines interfaced from Oracle Projects to Oracle Payables (which must net to zero with another line), the value for the PA_ADDITION_FLAG is set to T. For expense report distributions interfaced from Oracle Projects to Oracle Payables via Invoice Import, this value is set to N. This row is never picked up by the Interface Supplier Invoices process based on the AP_INVOICES.INVOICE_TYPE_LOOKUP_CODE = EXPENSEREPORT. For expense report adjustment lines interfaced from Oracle Projects to Oracle Payables which net to zero with another line, thisvalue is set to T. Both lines are associated with the original invoice by the Oracle Projects Interface Expense Reports to AP process. Values for the ENCUMBERED_FLAG are as follows:

– Y indicates aregular distribution that has been successfully encumbered by Payables;

– W indicates a regular distribution that has been encumbered in advisory mode even though insufficient funds existed;

– H indicates a regular distribution that has not been encumbered because it was put on hold;

– Nor null indicates a regular line that has not been encumbered because it has not been looked at yet;

– D is the same as Y for a reversal distribution line;

– X is the same as W for a reversal distribution line;

– P is the same as H for a reversal distribution line;

– R indicates a line to be ignored by encumbrance and approval code because neither the original nor the reversal distributions were looked at and they offset each other so, they can be ignored.

AP_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL

AP_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL contains information about scheduled payments for an invoice. You need one row for each time you intend to make a payment on an invoice. Your Oracle Payables application uses this information to determine when to make payments on an invoice and how much to pay in an automatic payment batch. Values for HOLD_FLAG may be ’Y’ to place a hold on the scheduled payment, or ’N’ not to do so. Values for PAYMENT_STATUS_FLAG may be ’Y’ for fully paid payment schedules, ’N’ for unpaid scheduled payments, or ’P’ for partially paid scheduled payments. For converted records, enter a value for AMOUNT_REMAINING.

AP_HOLDS_ALL

AP_HOLDS_ALL contains information about holds that you or your Oracle Payables application place on an invoice. For non–matching holds, there is one row for each hold placed on an invoice. For matching holds, there is one row for each hold placed on an invoice–shipment match. An invoice may have one or more corresponding rows in this table. Your Oracle Payables application does not pay invoices that have one or more unreleased holds recorded in this table. This table holds information referenced by the Invoice Holds window. In the strictest sense, AP_HOLDS_ALL has no primary key. It is possible for your Oracle Payables application to place a certain type of hold on an invoice, then release it, then place another hold of the same type (if data changes before each submission of Approval), which would result in a duplicate primary key. But for practical purposes, the primary key is a concatenation of INVOICE_ID, LINE_LOCATION_ID,and HOLD_LOOKUP_CODE.

AP_AE_LINES_ALL

An accounting entry line is an entity containing a proper accounting entry with debits or credits both in transaction currency as well as functional currency along with an account and other reference information pointing to the transaction data that originated the accounting entry line. An accounting entry line is grouped with other accounting entry lines for a specific accounting entry header. Any such group of accounting entry lines should result in balanced entries in the functional currency.

AP_AE_HEADERS_ALL

An accounting entry header is an entity grouping all accounting entry lines created for a given accounting event and a particular set of books. An accounting entry header can either be transferred over to GL or not at all. That is, either all its accounting entry lines are transferred or none at all. The transferred to GL status is marked in the GL_TRANSFER_FLAG. Possible values for GL_TRANSFER_FLAG are Y, N, or E. Y indicates that the accounting entry header has been transferred to GL. N indicates that the accounting entry header has not been transferred to GL due to 2 possible reasons: either the transfer process has not run or it has run but the accounting entry had an accounting error on it. E indicates that an error was encountered during the transfer to GL process.

Thanks – Shivmohan Purohit

Oracle General Ledger and Budgeting


What is planning budget ?

The plan for the future expenses is planning budget. It is a paper work. There is no funds requirement. It does not require journals. There are no restrictions for estimating of funds. It is a budget through which you cannot exercise budgetary control. But u can compare your actual with budgets through inquiry window.

What is Consolidation in GL?

It Consolidates the Subsidiaries & Parent financial information. At a point of time we can check the Performance of the Companies overall Performance. When we have multiple setup and combine primary and secondary books getting the financial reports is called consolidation We will use consolidation reports at the time of period end closing Consolidation is the Process of combining the Financial results of different companies typically combining subsidiary accounting information into a parent company.The main purpose of consolidation is for reporting purpose. Consolidation is the period-end process of combing the financials of separate subsidiary with the pay rent company to from single ,combine statement of final result consolidation is one of the reporting tool.consolidation may map the subsidiary set of books to parent set of books, even if the set of books values are different using segment rule,accounting rule It is the process of combining the financial results of multiple companies into one financial statement the company may have different sobs in different countries,so we will collect all the financialtransactions(sob) in to one set of book ,that is parent sob then the company easely findout all the finacial year endingresullts in their functional curency,that purpose multiple companies are using consolidation I think consolidation can be done with two ways that is FSG, GCSÂ for FSG it can be done when both parent SOB and Subsidary SOB have Currency, Calender, COA, same then we go for FSG.In Global consolidation System currency, coa, calender are different in parent sob and subsidary sob we have to go for GCS.I am Saikrishna actaully I am pursuing my oracle financials in hyd i just completed one of my module GL institute.

How to import data to General Ledger by Feeder System ?
There are three ways:

1- You can upload Journal Entries using ADI (Application Desktop Integrator) functionality. ADI is used to interface spreadsheet uploads with Oracle applications data. ADI allows users take advantage of many of the data-entry shortcuts of a spreadsheet, such as copying and pasting cells, dragging and dropping ranges of cells and using formulas to calculate journal line amounts. ADI validates the data entered against the accounts, security rules and reference information that are defined in the General Ledger (GL).

2- Using Journal Import, we can bring the data from the feeder system; to import the Transactions from External Feeder Systems following are the steps-1. Populate the data from External system to GL_Interface table (GL_INTERFACE table acts like a bridge between the external system and the Oracle General Ledger Base tables where journals are stored). 2. Run the Journal Import process to import the date to base tables (Errors in Journal Import are listed in Execution Report)

3. From any sub module run individual module transfer to GL program Ex: Payables transfer to General Ledger

After creating Journal Source how do we approve to the specific Set of Books ?

To approve journals from specific source, while creating the source ‘Require Journal Approval’ check box should be enabled. To approve all the journals that come from different sources In the Set Of Books window under ‘Journaling’ tab ‘journal approval’ should be enabled.

While creating combination of accounts what is the use of PRESERVED check box ?

If we check preserve for a account code combination then even if you disable this account segment value, the inherited (parent. child) segment values will not be disabled. If it is unchecked all the related segment values will be disabled. Preserved check box will help you to retain the original character of the General Ledger code combination, even after u change the nature of the segments during maintenance of the GLCC.

What is the MD form 50 ?

MD50 is a Functional design document, designed by the functional consultant. After interacting with the client, functional consultant will prepare this document. In this we will compare the present business process and client requirement. It is mainly used for Application Extensions and Interface functional design.

What are the journal entries in Procure to Pay Cycle ?

When the Material Received at the Gate-

Receiving Accrual A/C — DrMaterial AP Accrual A/C — Cr

When the Material delivered to The Inv Org Material

A/c Dr Purchase Price Variance A/c Dr Receiving A/c Cr

When the Invoice Is enterd into the Payable with Matching Of PO Material

Ap Accrual A/c Dr Invoice Price Variance A/c Dr AP Liability A/c Cr

Material Receipt

Receiving Accural Dr AP Accural Cr

On completion on inspection and accepting of goods

Inventory Dr Receiving Accural Cr The Above given 2 entries are in PO module

On entering Invoice in AP

AP Accural Dr Accounts Payable Cr

On Making payment

Accounts Payable Dr   Cash/Bank Cr 1. On Entry of PO ________ No accounting impact On Material

On Payment

Accounts Payable Dr’ Cash/Bank Cr

When we raise the Purchase Order entry

Material in transit a/c Dr To AP Accrual A/c

Thanks – Shivmohan